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Preclinical efficacy of hK2 targeted [177Lu]hu11B6 for prostate cancer theranostics

2019.04.06.

Oskar Vilhelmsson Timmermand et al., Theranostics, 2019

Summary

Particular metastatic prostate cancers can be treated well with androgen ablating drugs, however resistance is probably developing, and with the increased expression of the Androgen Receptor (AR), the tumor may growths back.
Human Kallikrein 2, which is a downstream molecule of AR pathway, can be a potential target, and the authors have used an antibody (hu11B6) against it. They assessed the efficacy of hu11B6 labeled with a low LET beta-emitter, Lutetium-177 (177Lu) and investigated whether similar tumor killing and AR-enhancement is produced. Moreover, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging of 177Lu is quantitatively accurate and can be used to perform treatment planning. [177Lu]hu11B6 therefore has significant potential as a theranostic agent.

Results from NanoSPECT/CT Plus

For the SPECT/CT studies, the authors have used a nanoSPECT/CT Plus, which is a precise option to follow the biodistribution of 177Luhu11B6, and follow the tumor size in mice with good resolution. Subcutaneous PCa xenografts (LNCaP s.c.) were grown in male mice. Biokinetics at 4-336 h post injection and uptake as a function of the amount of hu11B6 injected at 72 h were studied. Over a 30 to 120-day treatment period the therapeutic efficacy of different activities of [177Lu]hu11B6 were assessed by SPECT/CT imaging besides other options.
Performing the acquisitions, a multipinhole mouse collimator was used and with energy windows of 20% centered over the 56-, 113-, and 208-keV energy peaks of 177Lu. Acquisition time was about 40 min. With the help of the CT images as an anatomical reference, regions of interest (ROI), where drawn for tumor, submandibular glands, liver and heart.

Figure 2. shows the main results from the SPECT/CT acquisitions: A. Representative maximum intensity projections of SPECT/CT of mice at 4, 7, 9 and 14 days p.i. of 177Lu-hu11B6. B. Biokinetics as percent injected activity per gram of tissue (%IA/g) of therapeutic amounts of 177Lu-hu11B6 (20-30 µg) quantified from SPECT data. Quantified data from SPECT/CT imaging of 177Lu-hu11B6 for tumor, submandibular gland, liver and heart. C. Quantified %IA data from SPECT/CT imaging of 177Lu-hu11B6.

  • The results suggest tumor accumulation of [177Lu]hu11B6 peaked at 168 h with a specific uptake of 29 ± 9.1 percent injected activity per gram (%IA/g) and low accumulation in normal organs except in the submandibular gland (15 ± 4.5 %IA/g), attributed to a cross-reaction with mice kallikreins in this organ, was seen. However, SPECT imaging with therapeutic amounts of [177Lu]hu11B6 revealed no peak in tumor accumulation at 7 d, probably due to cellular retention of 177Lu and decreasing tumor volumes.
  • This study shows that hu11B6 labeled with the low LET beta-emitting radionuclide 177Lu can deliver therapeutic absorbed doses to prostate cancer xenografts with transient hematological side-effects.

Full article on thno.org

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